Computer Forensics is a division of forensic science and is often termed as digital forensics as well. The word “forensic” means scientific analysis of people, place and things based on the evidence gathered during criminal investigation.
The purpose of computer forensics is likewise as it deals with the data or scientific analysis of computer bases communication, storage devices and other peripherals critical in keeping business company information safe and confidential. Distinctive applications of the branch are listed below;
- Probe and expose evidence of illegal activities performed through computer such as hacking, credit-card fraud, intellectual property theft, paedophilia and terrorism. All these activities are also known as cybercrimes.
- Conduct investigation based on crimes that aren’t directly committed via computer however an organisation, an individual or a group is falsely accused of misdemeanour.
- Detect and resolve loopholes over computer system security through “legal”
Experts in computer forensics are known as “cyber cops”, “cyber investigators” or “digital detectives” that are also responsible in keeping business company information safe when assigned with the duty. Most of these experts are self-employed consultants.
Career in computer forensics
Rather new, career in the field of computer forensics is growing and successful in the long-run. The reason is imminent increase in cybercrimes which however, isn’t appreciable but it does keep employment opportunities for these individuals in demand. As we speak, computer crimes cause losses in billions of dollars per annum.
To begin a career in computer forensics to streamline and safeguard business company information, a professional university degree is required in the same industry or in computer science, engineering or criminal justice. The degree is awarded after successfully completing the study programme including major and minor certifications in the disciple.
A firm grasp over technical and analytical skills is necessary to pursue career in the field. This included thorough and strong background over a wide range of computer storage devices, programming languages, software applications, operating systems and smart applications. Additional expertise is required in;
- File formats
- Software drivers
- Networking, routing, security and communication protocol
- Investigative and research techniques
- Reverse software engineering
- Tools of computer forensics like email converters, password crackers and forensic toolkit software applications
Internship experience would be a pro fact when stepping in the real-world professional career of computer forensics, giving individuals a strong grasp over protecting business company information.
Hunt for training centres
There’re many colleges, universities and technical schools offering training and degree programmes in computer forensics. Successfully completing the disciple would award candidates with a degree or certificate based on the programme chosen earlier. Better check with local education institutions to find curriculum per the niche. Online courses are offered as well so you may try that as well!
Among the renowned certifications, the Certified Information System Security Professional (CISSO) is globally recognised. Some other certifications are listed below;
- International Council of E-Commerce Consultants
- Fundamentals in Computer Forensics
- Computer Hacking Forensic Investigator
- Experience Computer Forensic Examiner Certification
Being innovative and adaptable is crucial as computer forensics industry covers many different aspects. A specialise therefore must’ve strong grasp over computer technology, viruses and different malicious techniques.
- Data recovery
Specialists in computer forensics must know retrieval techniques of deleted files and information. This is because evidence is crucial to prove safety of business company information as well as reputation of both the organisation and its employees, employers.
- Computer security
Specialists must remain up-to-date on the latest hacking methods and countermeasures with good understanding of firewalls and intrusion detection systems.
Computer forensics is a growing industry and the above details would surely come in handy.